A loan word occurs appropriately in Central Asia, where Indian literature, sciences, and arts were influential, and whence Indian astrology may have begun to reach Iran proper from the early Sasanian period or even before: Mehandale, IIJ 3, , p. The terms star and axtar have varied applications to the heavenly bodies cf. The problem of evidence. Throughout the Sasanian period the mass of the Iranian peoples presumably reverenced the sun, moon, Sirius, and some other stars in essentially the same way their ancestors had done.
It is not possible to know what proportion of the population was affected by astrological doctrine. The professional court astrology of the Sasanians is reconstructed from the testimony and methods of Islamic historians and astrologers see i and iii. A simplified system is represented in the 8th-9th century A. Nyberg, JA , , pp. The mage Ablat referred to above is but one evidence of Iranian-Aramean communication on topics of cosmology. Perhaps then the Mandean Book of the Zodiac tr.
Drower, London, likewise borrowed from Iranian, as well as Hellenistic-Roman sources. While its belief in astrological determination see Widengren, Mani and Manichaeism , pp. In the brief Middle Persian sketches of the transmission of Zoroastrian scriptures and other knowledge Bailey, Zoroastrian Problems , pp. Perhaps already in the early phase various divination texts were translated, dealing with such topics as auguries from birds and dream interpretation see Fehrest , tr. As the systems of ephemerides Mid. Dhabhar, Bombay, , II.
These systems all date to the Sasanian period see Astronomy.
In this period various astral portents might be expected see below. An astrological work of special interest is the Mid.
These consistencies may support the historicity of the vizier. The practice of astrology is described principally in Islamic sources. The young courtier in the Mid. Basis for the assimilation of astrology. The Avesta depicts the entire field of existence as a complex of living beings, whether divine or mortal. All these beings are implicated in the cosmic struggle against the demons, the focus of which is the earth and her fertility. At this stage the problematic apparent motions of the planets were not recognized cf.
The sky displayed a simple rhythm of day, month, and year which shaped the productive activities of humanity. This divine guidance of the annual cycle was represented in the calendars; therefore the calendar itself possessed a certain potency. The Persian song of the uses of the date-palm Strabo 1.
Luyten's Star. There's a new moon in Libra, which marks new beginnings, on Saturday, September Bibcode : AJ Archived from the original on 13 May Chieh or Hexagram 60 gives wisdom on the importance of moderation. Your observations are spot on and hilarious! Star of the Week.
The year also had a personal significance for the individual; Herodotus remarks that birthdays were important festivities 1. This framework of belief and attitude was suitable for the reception of astrological theories. Egyptian usage Herodotus 2. But each day thus acquired a unique identity; and it would be easy to take the next step and attribute to each a unique potential and significance, depending on the patron and on the configuration of the heavens which defined that day.
Book of the Zodiac , pp. The process of attributing astrological meaning to the days and the months is logically extended to years and their multiples. In Zoroastrianism the simple world-year of 12, years, with one millennium to each zodiacal sign, strongly reinforced the doctrines of the apocalypse. Kennedy and Pingree, Astrological History , pp. The astrological shaping of Zoroastrian apocalyptic ideas probably occurred in the late Arsacid and Sasanian periods. If the planetary bodies were to be regarded as evil, the sun and moon could not be included among them.
Nyberg, JA , , p. Sanjana, XII, , p. The remainder result from action, energy, essence, and inheritance.
Pahlavi Texts , p. It should be noted that not all Zoroastrian texts feel obliged to discuss the question of freedom and determination. Kanga, Bombay, , the astrological factor is totally ignored in favor of traditional Zoroastrian doctrine. For the influence of astrology on Zoroastrianism in the Islamic period, see B. Concept of the heavens. See texts in Bailey, Zoroastrian Problems , pp. Beyond the sky lay the heaven of Ohrmazd.
The number of spheres was later made a potent seven, but with no change in the basic order e. The various heavenly bodies were created at their stations in a state of repose. Ahriman thus penetrated as far as the star station, where the stars and the planets wage war; and the sun was dislodged from his position on an axis passing through the center of the earth-disc and the top of the sky-sphere.
The violent assault of Ahriman explains the assymetry in the sky—why the revolutions of the heavenly bodies are at an oblique angle to the plane of the earth, why the north celestial pole is not at the zenith of the sky. In the present, disarranged universe the north-point is inauspicious. This traditional belief was inherent in the Av. He determines the rhythm, not only of economic life, but also of ritual practices. West, SBE 5, pp.
There may be temporary separation, for the sake of a new hobby, but a return to former partners is almost inevitable. Family Virgos are encouraged to spend more time in the family, and in order not to tempt yourself go on a family trip, because there are opportunities for this. If you do not spoil your family life or your relationship with your old partner, nothing else can prevent you from quietly living this one-year-long period, in a word, both well-being and problems depend personally on Virgo.
Lonely Libra like no other of the signs of the zodiac, has excellent chances to tie themselves to marriage this year.
People of this sign will be most in marriage houses. Therefore, be active in the search for your destiny, take the initiative at your right time, do not hesitate to be the first to approach. Those who are not destined to marry, will flirt, will show charm, but they will not be windy, although this is characteristic of their sign.
Many will be conquered by Libra, but they themselves will react to such attention to themselves cool enough, more as a way to increase their self-esteem. Couples where Scales are present will live in the coming year rather smoothly, without any particular upheavals, unless one of the couples creates a problem with their own hands, in this case one should look for a way out of the situation without rushing things. Scorpios are extremely necessary to listen to their inner voice, as well as to understand the people around them.
This sign of Water, as a rule, is not deprived of the attention of the opposite sex, however, often people who are not really needed by him are next to them. This is exactly what the representative of this sign should understand in ; otherwise, if he scatters on the unnecessary, he will miss the main thing.
Lonely Sagittarius this year, as always, will be active, their numerous novels are likely to be fleeting and fleeting, their new partner is unlikely to have to expect anything more, expect further developments from them, or even serious proposals. Although some lonely Streltsov still have a chance to arrange their lives, and not a little one, they have long been tired of living alone and they decide to opt for some kind of another victim by offering that hand and heart.
Especially it is necessary to say about family Strelets, be careful with the novels on the side, your marriage partner will surely find out about your adventures and then you will be in trouble, up to the end of a relationship. Once again, consider whether it is worth it, for sure not. The lonely representatives of Capricorn will be very close to completing the novel that has been going on for quite a long time, legal marriage, and its official registration.
Therefore, if the relationship has not yet been determined from a legal point of view, the coming year is just suitable for this. As for the lonely representatives of Capricorn, they are also promoted to the stars by a fateful meeting that will occur in the first half of this year. They would not miss their fate, because of their indecision and uncertainty about the right choice. If you have not yet met your destiny and are actively searching, but you cannot find a worthy candidate yet, try changing the search tactics, visit public places more often, visit various events, parties, etc.
Zodiacal representatives of the lonely Aquarius, will easily be able to find a suitable partner for themselves, which they have done beautifully and repeatedly, and there would be plenty of ways to get to know each other in the modern world. But the question is that this person is not quite sure whether he is ready to tie the knot and whether he needs it. Sociable and always energetic Aquarius, will receive in more than one opportunity to get acquainted with his destiny, as the love horoscope says, but whether he would take advantage of the chance a big question, would he decide what he really wants from life, including marriage.
You can only give advice to this person — if you meet a suitable person, as they say, soul mate, do not hesitate, agree to continue and develop relations, and then to marry, create a friendly family. But Pisces representatives will have to plunge into love adventures only with the arrival of spring, approximately from April. Until the end of the summer, they will flirt, make new acquaintances, although it is unlikely that at least one of them will come to a logical conclusion, but here, most likely, the reluctance of Pisces themselves.
Lonely Pisces, surrounded by the attention of the opposite sex, can easily, if they wish, find their half in the coming year, the chances are great enough, again, with their personal desire to find their second half and legitimize the relationship. For many of us, during this time interval, a year long, a strong enough emotional state will manifest itself, we will be assertive and too energetic. The main thing in this period is not to do business, which will have to regret in the future.
All the best to you, love and new acquaintances to you in the coming year, a peaceful sky over your head and worldly well-being! Your email address will not be published. The horoscope of love of The most calm in the cycle of love will be the last months of the year. Horoscope love for — all zodiac signs Joy and pleasure from intercourse with the opposite sex, hitherto unexplored emotions, a lot of experiences, a whirlpool of love passions in , unexpected meetings and romantic acquaintances, all this awaits almost every one of us — the sociable mistress of the future period is so generous.
Taurus For representatives of the lonely Taurus, the coming year can be almost fatal. Gemini It is family twins who will be tested for strength this year, will they pass her question, to which we will receive an answer not earlier than the end of autumn. Cancer Those family men and women who were born under the sign of the zodiac Cancer, in , must finally decide on their future and personal preferences of their life partner, if something does not suit you, free yourself and your current elect or chosen one, start looking for a new partner.
Leo Representatives of the zodiacal Leo will have to overcome a lot of obstacles on their personal front, they will win a number of memorable victories, without looking diving into the maelstrom of passions. Virgo Single, and indeed, family Virgos, as is often the case, will stay in search of love joys, stars and a love horoscope in promise them to stay in this period, in the end, after all, with those who are time tested. Libra Lonely Libra like no other of the signs of the zodiac, has excellent chances to tie themselves to marriage this year.